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A Week In October 1943 According To A German Local Newspaper


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While scanning stuff, I found that I had overlooked an article fitting the topic at hand; I'm just including it into the translations below. Overall, the block scans weren't recognized so well, though that may be because they included items at center page where the copies had been folded. Still just about two hours for three lengthy items, which isn't bad.

 

Churchill Under Pressure Of the Communists

Moscow commands in London / Labour demands minister dismissals

Wire report of our Berlin editorship

KS. Berlin, 27 October

More and more, the leadership in the plutocratic-Bolshevik war combine, which Churchill had to yield to Roosevelt with the US entry into the war, is going over to Stalin. If a voice is heard in England or the United States now during the Moscow talks that does not suit the Kremlin, it will be beaten with clubs. Indicative of this is how the intervention of the South African Smuts was turned away. A proper witch hunt has been going on gainst the South African Prime Minister since he espoused a postponement of the second front to next year. He is constantly attacked as the "tool of an Anglo-American anti-second-front circle."

 

The London Communist organ "Daily Worker" sics the Labour Party, which should "rise up against them with full force", onto the "old generals and inveterate capitalists" who stood behind this demand, those "Munichists and conservative philanderers," and cites the individual names of ministers as" saboteurs of an energetic warfare." A stormy propaganda is waged with the eight demands of the Communists, at the top of which stands the call for a unified strategy and equal duties and efforts in the military field.

 

Into the very same direction points the manifesto even submitted to the public by the Communist Party of England, which was announced with with the headline "Accelerating the Struggle for Final Victory", and the press proclaims that only the second front could lead to decisive success. It says in this manifesto:

 

It would be madness to believe that the final victory is already as good as in your pocket. Only a second front, which concided with the powerful Soviet offensive, could deliver it. The Communist Party was warning the British government and telling it that it was losing the confidence of large parts of the British public because it was missing the great opportunity that was presenting itself. One should no longer look idly at the situation; those who stood in the way of successful warfare would have to leave the government. Erigg, Anderson, Amery, Simon and Halifax would have to go and "real anti-fascists from the ranks of Labour" take their place. The Labour movement had to fight for the immediate opening of a second front.

 

This manifesto, with Moscow's direction clearly recognizable, has a language that should actually make it clear to the Englishman how little he is still master in his own house.

 

USA State Bureaucracy In Giant Circulation

Three million deferred getting Roosevelt's protection

By our Berlin editorship

rd. Berlin, 29 October

It has reached even the ears of the President of the United States that his federal government is "a paradise for slackers and lazybones." Since it can not be denied that the high and highest authorities were included in this criticism, a kind of justification attempt had to be launched at a convenient or inconvenient time. In two letters with the same text, one addressed to the speaker of the House of Representatives, the second to the President of the Senate, Roosevelt himself has emphatically denied what malicious tongues had claimed of the USA bureaucracy. To prove the opposite, the President collaborates with the Goddess of the United States, with statistics. There can be no doubt after his letter that on July 31, 1943, the last recorded reference date, 2,828,904 men and women on the mainland of the USA were employed full-time in government services. Two-thirds of this small number, exactly 1,982,100 men and women, belonged just to the war and the navy ministry.

 

It certainly can not be the job of the German press to deal with the justification or non-justification of such circumstances. Taxpayers in the United States will do that themselves. The plutocratic war was not brought about by the American people, but desired and compelled by the small stratum of ambitious politicians and the country's financial rulers. It is all the more necessary, then, for the rulers to secure a certain stratum which, by virtue of the advantages which they enjoy before the others, consider unconditional followership advisable and worthwhile for their own interest. This exaggerated construction of the state bureaucracy directly affects three million, and indirectly, with the families, relatives, and all those hoping to be also accepted into the privileged ranks, quite a considerable number. As Roosevelt pointed out, he merely refrained from applying for deferrals for the 145,808 short-time workers and 25,163 unpaid workers employed yet beyond the stated number. All the others, that is, the round sum of three million people, sit on secure and unassailable chairs and will be grateful to the breadgiver. With big finance also controlling the entire press, radio and all means of agitation, the Roosevelt government believes itself secure in the saddle and does not fear the accusations and questions of those who have to bleed on the battlefields for Roosevelt's war aims.

 

The True Conditions In England

Report by internees returned from the British island

Berlin, 30 October

A representative of the German news offices had the opportunity to talk to some of the internees who returned from England these days, including wounded soldiers, captains and sailors of German merchant ships, as well as some women.

 

The soldiers and internees of this exchange group have collected numerous impressions due to their observations and were able to form an instructive image of British everday life by conservation with guard staff and the population. Their assessments result in and confirm the notion that the image of the true situation in England differs essentially from the one British agitation is trying to draft daily.

 

E. g. the returnees thus report on the mood in England that there is great disappointment over the long duration of the war, which was believed to end in 1943 there for a long time. The English as well as the Canadians were extremely tired of war.

 

The often-revealed differences between British and Americans are also confirmed by the returnees. There existed a pronounced hatred for the Americans in England. Several weeks ago, several thousand Negroes from the United States were landed in England. Their appearance caused a wave of indignation. The US-American attitude was, as the returnees drastically put it, "pig-like" anyway. Among them were numerous downright gangster types who were becoming guilty of committing lust murders and similar crimes, the trial of which by US-American courts in England was felt to be unsettling. There was general complaining about poor diet, which caused not only dissatisfaction in the camp, but also growing serious concerns among the population. Under the influence of difficult nutritional conditions, tuberculosis had become ominously widespread. The most-discussed topics of warfare also included the issues of the terror attacks considered as more problematic in the English audience, and the growing fear of German retribution.

 

Particularly interesting and noteworthy perceptions the returnes could make on the attitude of the English population towards the social issues of the present and the future. They all agree on the extraordinary interest which the simple man in England has in the socialist achievements and institutions of Germany, which stand in such stark contrast to the miserable conditions among the broad working masses of England.

 

The Jewish question, too, occupies the common English people extraordinarly [cut off] with which the Jews are profiting from the war. The whole British middle class states with outrage that the big Jewish enterprises are systematically destroying small businessmen. The same attitude prevailed among the USA soldiers as soon as they came from the farm areas of the Midwest. They express, like the English soldiers, the fear that the Jew will take advantage of the economic collapse sure to come in England and the USA after the war. In this context, the majority of British soldiers kept asking the question: "Who is England fighting for? For none other than for Jews and capitalists."

 

It must be added that despite all attempts by the British Government to influence the interned Germans with their agitation, the confidence of all in the Führer and the Reich has remained unshakable. They never doubted German victory, even in their seclusion in England. They return with the firm conviction that the German people, who, unlike the British, know exactly what they are fighting for in this [cut off]

Edited by BansheeOne
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I don't actually think there is more content in the issues than in big present-day newspapers - though pictures are much more scarce, and a modern local daily would certainly have much less text. I'm rather wondering how many people would have spent the time to read that kind of drivel. By 1943, it should have rung pretty hollow to all but the most delusional Germans over the age of, say, 20. It's not like many then would have cared about the historical interest it would be of 75 years later.

 

I included most of the other articles from the last list and some of the first in the block scan and recognition, and will run them through the translator when I find the time.

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I meant to say the bit about life in Britain was pretty interesting, and actually reasonably accurate, as far as can be expected. By 1943 there clearly was a long war syndrome damaging morale, which is part of the reason why spectaculars like the Dams raid had so much made of them.

 

As far as Black servicemen, its a mixed bag. My grandmother (now 96 bless her) was asked out by a Black serviceman and said no, because, understandably of her background, she was scared of them. (To qualify that she was also asked out by a white serviceman to go to a Glenn Miller concert, and she still said no). Its also clear that there were a large number of Black Servicemen prosecuted and hung at Shepton Mallet prison, though that perhaps had rather more to do with them being a useful scapegoat whenever someone was murdered. But I wouldn't say generally people were scared of them, or of the Americans in general. There was a case in Bristol where some American MP's tried to stop some blacks drinking at a 'white' pub, and beat them up. And the Bristolians, perhaps displaying some guilt for being a slave trading port, weighed into the fight on the side of the Black servicemen. :D I regret that story didnt get to Germany, I would have loved to see what they would have made of that one.

 

As for the Jews, I think that nonsense. Its probably true there was flippant antisemitism in Britain, but I wouldnt think it went much further than that. Or at least, ive never read of it being.

 

TB, that's interesting, Ive not read of that spiking. It would be interesting to learn if that were true. From all ive read, the health of the country was actually better in wartime than previously. Rationing tended to make people more careful of what they ate.

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I also think the worries about post-war unemployment based upon experience from the last time were real; AFAIK they contributed a lot to Churchill being voted out in the hour of victory and replaced by a Labour PM. There is some further reference in other articles about the UK and particularly the US, the latter usually connected to the trope of the Americans planning to seize the opportunity and build their own post-war empire as a captive market for their economy. Which is an opinion still running around today's political fringes, at least in Germany; which shows the longevity of propaganda, or arguably the successful sort that seizes on a true core (see neighbor thread on US involvement in the destruction of the British Empire.

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I included most of the other articles from the last list and some of the first in the block scan and recognition, and will run them through the translator when I find the time.

 

Like, now.

 

Tug Of War Over Australia

Quarrel between London and Washington / Melbourne tends towards USA

rd. Bern, 26 October

While the military actions in the Pacific and East Asia are again somewhat more brisk, the related political issues have not receded. The position of Australia as the current common base of the Allies is becoming more important, and a tug-of-war between the English and the Americans about Australia is beginning to take hold. Characteristic of this is a report of the "Daily Express" from the Melbourne stating that, according to a survey of public opinion, 82 p. c. of Australians voted in favor of a permanent alliance with the United States, while 3/4 of the respondents would even be ready to provide bases for the Americans in Australia for a longer time.

 

At the moment Australia is of course still a British Dominion. But the Australians know from experience that they can not expect much from the British. They want to complete their sovereignty in any case, but have recognized that they are not able to do so without support from others. The minds are still wavering whether to plead for the old status or for aligning with the USA., who strive for them vividly. A few days ago, North American Senator Chandler bluntly said that Washington was very much in favor of gaining Australia as a base. Although public opinion per the "Daily Express" favored the Americans, this does not yet mean a definitive step being done, but rather is one of the many indications of Australia's undetermined foreign policy line, which is exposed to strong pressure from the American as well as the English side.

 

Unrest Among the Small States

Secret block forming against Roosevelt's imperialist plans

rd. Berlin, 26 October

In USA. there is a boom in post-war plans. New League of Nations, world commodity bank and single currency are recommended today, tomorrow everything is overturned, to accept instead only a supremacy of the great powers England, Soviet Union and China under the leadership of the USA., only conditional sovereignty for the small states, blockade measures as a permanent facility even against inconvenient neutrals. The senators want a different world order than the president, the farmers a different foreign policy than the bankers. Only one point of the program salad is unanimous: extension of the North American borders, establishment of a Yankee empire.

 

"New York Times" is now puzzled that the small states are starting to get uneasy, and the paper notes that there are new block formations in progress that are secretly directed against the splendid unification plans that Roosevelt seeks to make the world happy with. The small states would start looking for their own solutions. Perhaps it was neglected, says "New York Times", to allow Europe to speak at the Moscow conference.

 

This concern of the New York paper is superfluous. Europe has no desire whatsoever to attend the meetings in the Kremlin. Europe is against Moscow, with the possible exception of certain Swedish circles and those gangs who are incited by Moscow by appealing to the lowest human instincts. For Europe, Moscow's decisions, whether they are taken at foreign ministerial conferences or in Stalin's darkroom, have no significance. Europe is and remains in defensive position against armies and programs, which are only concerned with the delivery of most of our continent to Bolshevism.

 

The small states have another reason to be disturbed by the foreign policy of England and the USA., namely based upon the fate of the emigrant governments. The latest example of this ceaseless chain of conflicts and divisions is the "protest" of the former Greek envoy to Rome, Politis, who plays the role of the diplomatic spokesman for the exile Greeks. Under no circumstances, he announced, must England work together with Victor Emmanuel and those Italian generals who had thousands of Greek women and children slaughtered. The reputation of England in Greece was on the wane, Germany's standing was growing, and the gulf between exile Greeks and their homeland was growing.

 

This fits in with the English confession that the Southeast European peoples would thrive quite well without their fugitive kings. And this impression must be deepened if one observes the almost ridiculous escalation of conflicts among the Yugoslav emigrants. A group of London exile Serbs accuse the former Belgrade cabinets of having squandered the nation's money while the people sunk into poverty. We have often said that. In this failure we saw one of the compelling causes for the collapse of the Yugoslav system. Refugees now make the same judgment about the pernicious policies of the men they have fled with, and about the system they are trying to rebuild.

 

The small states and the liberated peoples really have much reason to worry about what the anti-European powers are planning with them and what exile poliiticians [cut off]

 

Typhus in Iran. From Iran the first cholera cases are now being reported, too, which are ascribed to the local famine. The typhus cases reported so far in Egypt are stated by the Egyptian health ministry as 48,000.

 

Plutocratic Misspeculation

Wallace prophetizes 10 million unemployed after the war

hw Stockholm, 30 October

The USA Vice President Wallace, whose position towards Roosevelt is not quite clear despite temporary reconciliation, especially since he can no longer expect to return to his post in next year's election, has once again become a talking point through a heretic remark. For some time now he has indulged in commenting on uncomfortable facts in a form that does not elicit pure delight among the Roosevelt fans. Just now, in a speech in Cleveland, he stated that more than 10 million American workers would be unemployed after the war if the United States could not produce 40 percent more goods for civilian use than before the war. He further stated that it would require more skill to prevent general unemployment than to defeat Germany.

 

What Wallace wants to say is quite clear, if not even the one thing succeeds, how much less the other. If not even the external war waged with overwhelming power and the most brutal means leads to success, how much less a solution to the internal problems of the United States is conceivable, especially since its President - to which Wallace refers by the link he makes between these two components of Roosevelt's rule - has plunged his country into the adventure of this world war only to escape the inner worries and complications. Wallace, a close accomplice of Roosevelt and the Jews for many years, knows all about these connections. But he also knows how hopeless it is to avoid the new unemployment, which has only temporarily been suppressed by arms buildup and war and, after the war, has to strike America again all the worse, precisely because there are no organic remedies available and In the meantime, no social reform will has taken effect among the ruling plutocrates.

 

Wallace's reference to the theoretical possibility of producing 40 percent more peace products in the USA than before the war contains its contradiction in itself. First, USA production has been almost entirely converted to war production, on a scale like in no other country, namely inflated to an extent which should enable it to carry out not just one's own needs, but half a world's supply. Of course, switching this giant machine to peace production will be accompanied by the worst crises. Secondly, even with the technical implementation of Wallace's demand, sales of these products would be impossible within the United States without a corresponding increase in purchasing power, and, as Roosevelt pointed out these days, only possible with a correspondingly huge increase in USA exports; however, it would provoke new world crises. The only thing that sticks from Mr. Wallace's word is thus the prediction that many millions of American workers as the only sure result of this war have to face a new terrible unemployment.

 

"Broadening Of USA Predator Policy"

USA senators demand faster and further-ranging action

Lissabon, 30 October

In a Senate debate, two senators took position on USA foreign policy. Their comments suggest that the rigorous approach of USA imperialism to acquire new fields of exploitation and sources of profit for the dollar capital is still too slow for them. They also vigorously called for a greater expansion of predatory policy, with one suggesting to put all USA agencies abroad in the hands of some "Americans armed with two fists", while the other senator demanded a more robust American policy.

 

Senator Russell based his reasoning on the USA's oil policy, stating that the US had used its oil reserves in an almost ruinous manner, supplying not only its own troops but also those of its allies. Russell said it was time to use oil reserves in other parts of the world, and he saw no good reason why the own oil deposits should not be spared and those of other other areas utilized. Senator Russell also expressed his dissatisfaction with the 99-year lease, which was then given in exchange for the US destroyer, and wanted further expansion of the bases. The handling of the lend-lease deliveries was also not to his taste. He thus found fault with Great Britain passing on great lots of those USA deliveries to Turkey to secure itself this country's sympathy. By Russell's conception, the wares could better be delivered directly from the USA to Turkey, the sympathy of which could also be valuable for the USA. Russell further spoke out for an expansion of USA rights in the airspace. He concluded the list of his demands by recommending the acquisition of certain rights on Iceland and in Dakar and immediate steps for the acquisition of permanent rights on New Caledonia as "a compensation for the great sacrifices which the USA people have taken upon themselves" when it entered the war.

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Some leftovers from the first topic and one I missed when scanning for the last.

 

London Admits 44 Losses in Attack on Kassel

rd. Berlin, 26 October

For the second time this month, a nighttime British terror attack hit Kassel and struck the brave city new wounds beyond the not-yet scarred damage. But even in their first brief report on this operation, the London authorities had to add that 44 British aircraft had been lost. As usual, this number only approximates the real losses of the attackers, because the Wehrmacht report already contains the incomplete result of 48 kills, which undoubtedly will be further enhanced by the work of our search teams. With that, the English again had to accept a considerable and significant loss in their ninth major night attack this month. The loss of about 500 men of their flying personnel testifies again to the steadily growing strength of the German air defense forces.

Despite this new, noteworthy defensive achievement over the Reich territory, the focus of the German Luftwaffe's deployment continues to be on the destiny front of the German people in the east. As the sustained weather improvement allowed even rolling missions of our bomb-bearing combat units, all the might of our superior Luftwaffe could be employed in crucial hours at focal points of the fiercest
defensive battles. Many hundreds of Stukas, attack aircraft, and battle planes repeatedly carried their bombs against the doggedly assaulting enemy, greatly easing the burden on our army units. Due to the good effect of the attacks, the Soviets suffered very high losses of people and material, especially in their attack points and in the staging of new offensive thrusts.

In this period of increased activity of the German air forces on all fronts, London experienced the 7th alarm during the night of Saturday in the course of the last week. German warplanes again engaged targets in the city area with bombs of all calibres. Winston Churchill was forced to take these facts into account;
under the usual agitatory effort he visited one of the London anti-air positions, in which recently women and girls are acting as gunners.

 

German Fighters Clean Up Among Heavy Bombers

Giant fights at icy altitude / Perpetually changing tactic / High USA Losses


PK.... While the group waits for the order to start, the zig-zagging arrows representing are approaching the European coast on the large wall map in the command post. Already the first squadrons and groups of German fighters have met the enemy. Wild and daring, they throw themselves towards the North American bomber group approaching like a phalanx bristling with arms. The enemy seems unassailable, numerous, heavily armored turrets are threatening; behind thick armor plates, the tail gunners and pilots duck. The group commander of the Focke Wulfs gives his orders without ruffle or excitement. Perhaps more instinctively out of his years of practice than out of prudent deliberation, the twenty-eight-year-old captain has found the weakest point of the leftmost group of the Americans. Each formation has such weak points, which to recognize is the most important task of the commander. Because there he positions the attack of his men.

In changing tactics, once from this, once from that side, from the front or from behind, depending on the circumstances, the fighters attack. The enemy can never adapt to the attack, because he is always faced with new surprises. Almost at the same time, the little Focke-Wulf fighters rush at the enemy. Ahead the commander, faithful to his motto that the fighter pilot like the rushing infantryman, who breaks
in the enemy position with hand grenades and bayonet in close combat, must make a breach into the North American bomber group before he can come to success. At the same time as the sirens start wailing in the first German cities, the battle against the enemy's main force begins at a dizzying altitude far from the borders of the Reich.

The hardest thing is to break the wild barrage of the heavily-armed American bombers flying on the outside. Lightning-fast reacting, bravado and irrepressible courage are part of it. Only seconds, maybe just a single second, the fighter has theopponent in
his sights. But this moment decides. "One must see the white in the eye of the enemy aviator, so close one must approach," is one of the tenets which the captain has hammered into his men again and again, and with him they are like the wild hunt into the close-knit ranks of the enemy. The decisive clash is only now that the fighters are in the midst of the bombers and shredding their bursts into fuselage, wings, engines, and gunner positions, and hardly anyone on earth knows what a gigantic battle is now taking place at icy altitudes. Only the singing noise of the engines hums down. Invisibel remains the battle, which is only rarely revealed by the intertwining net of white-grained contrails for a few minutes.

While the fighters gather around their commander at some distance, the North Americans are also trying to close up their heavily confused groups. One of the USA.-Boeings suddenly starts to blaze fiercely even before the second storm breaks out against it. It goes down headfirst in tight spirals. Six white parachutes sway slowly to the ground. As the fighters approach for the second time, the Boeings become restless. Two or three break off course and suddenly are faced with
the German aircraft alone, without the covering fire protection of their neighbors. In the same moment they are lost already. Ruthless, the Focke-Wulf fighters are attacking the main group. The Germans also have taken some hits, heavy hits even. Two aircraft have to make an emergency landing. One aircraft after the other however our fighters shoot out of the enemy formation and finish them one by one.

When the group lands, ten destroyed North Americans are the quarry of this mission. It was possible to almost completely break up the attacked group. Meanwhile, other groups and fighter squadrons are on the enemy. It is like running the gauntlet through the ranks of the fighters
attacking again and again. The enemy's proud armada gets smaller and smaller. Instead parachutes are floating in the air everywhere, and smoking ruins of shattered planes mark the path taken by the American bombers.

War reporter Jochen Scheurmann

 

"Will You Decide Already!"

"Daily Mail" about the differences of opinion in London

Geneva, 28 October

The London "Daily Mail" runs a cartoon aptly illustrating thew differences of opinion within the English government about private or state-controlled entrepreneurship. The drawing depicts a regiment of soldiers which has arrived at a fork of the way on its march. There rises a signpost of which the right arm bears the inscription "Private Enterprise", while the one pointing left is labeled "State Control". At the head of the regiment Mr. Churchill is walking stoically with steel helmet, walking cane and cigar. It cannot be made out for which direction he will decide. Behind him are marching the interior secretary Morrison of the Labour Party and the conservative under secretary Balfour, both united under a common jacket marked with the insciption "National Government". With [illegible] gesture, Morrison points into the "State Control" direction, while Balfour [illegible] go for the "Private Enterprise" direction. - The soldiers marching behind them, meant to represent the English people, are calling out to their leaders with angry faces: "Will you decide already!"

 

Convoy Battle Unsettles England

London's worries / No loss list so far

rd. Madrid, 29 October

The newspaper "Arriba" reports from London that the attacks of German speedboats and torpedo chasers in the Channel have caused great unease in England. For the first time, it is said in the comments on the communication of the British Admiralty on the attack on a British convoy in the English Channel, the presence of fast German combat units in the immediate vicinity of the British coast was officially admitted by the English side after announcing itself a few days ago by the sinking of a cruiser, a destroyer and other units already. Thus a new endangerment of the British supply routes was to be feared, especially since the activity of the U-Boats had also increased significantly. Their use had been particularly noticeable in the Mediterranean and in the eastern Atlantic, but attacks had also been recorded in the central and northern Atlantic.

After Churchill's presumptuous remarks in his recent talk about eliminating the U-Boat threat, British naval circles suddenly are taking considerably shorter steps again. Striking is also that so far no loss list of new sinkings has been published, on the grounds that one wanted to prevent the German High Command from obtaining indications of the Allied plan to combat U-Boats. However, attempts are being made to prepare the public for the increase in sinkings by allowing the Lisbon-based press representatives to report extensively on a three-hour naval battle whose cannon thunder could be heard at the Tagus estuary, and the rescue of English shipwrecked.

 

That's about it on the topics so far. I haven't scanned some of raging editorials on the British air raids because they are single-column going down the length of the page, which is inconvenient to put on the scanner, though it could be done if there is interest. The Mediterranean and Pacific theaters remain, as well as neutrals and, of course, the extensive reporting on fighting in Russia.

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Ah, but you see, we were engaging targets in the city area while they were murdering women, children and the elderly and destroying European cultural icons to please the Jews and Bolsheviks. Also, we don't dance on our ruins!

 

Seriously, the disconnect here is pretty undisguised throughout the coverage, even if you take into account that the original concepts behind the respective bombing campaigns may indeed have been different.

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Incidentally, my auntie was one of those gunners. She actually managed to shoot down a Spitfire over Belfast. The pilot was very nice about it apparently. :)

See, here is the blatant hypocracy. They complain about young women manning the guns, and they were increasingly relying on schoolboys and Russian prisoners of war to man the German Flak batteries.I think they were also utilizing women in some roles by the end weren't they?

 

 

All very interesting Banshee, thanks once again.

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I don't actually think there is more content in the issues than in big present-day newspapers - though pictures are much more scarce, and a modern local daily would certainly have much less text. I'm rather wondering how many people would have spent the time to read that kind of drivel. By 1943, it should have rung pretty hollow to all but the most delusional Germans over the age of, say, 20. It's not like many then would have cared about the historical interest it would be of 75 years later.

 

I included most of the other articles from the last list and some of the first in the block scan and recognition, and will run them through the translator when I find the time.

 

There was not much else to read nor any legal sources of information. Even if it 100% crap, people will still believe 50% if it is the only source of information. More if you get the local parts of the info right. (which newspapers of the time usually did)

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The Decisive Will sounds like it might be translatable to the corporate propaganda of today in various ways.

 

While they dance, we tighten our chinstraps.

 

Here you are.

 

Kassel, the 26th October

The Decisive Will

The source of our deepest power in this war without limits and without measure is the recognition of the inevitably necessary, is the knowledge of any single one of what this is about in its final and irrevocable decision. We all know, any German who is rightfully bearing a German's name in this time of total probation, that it is about to be or not to be in an inexorable sense.

 

We thus know in all sobriety of our own recognition that the great decision depends upon our will, upon our own power for battle and victory, as it has always been in times where it was about the whole future, and like the Führer expressed it in his appeal at the recent conference of the party leadership: "Take with you unshakeably and firm in your heart the belief that, if our will should not become wavering, this war will end with a great German victory!"

 

No, our will shall never become wavering, and never be too weak for all trials which fate may pose to us! In this will we shall with all our toughness and determination do at any hour what the hard law of war demands of us. Our will for victory is our will for life - and a German future will be only through victory!

NSK.

 

I'm listing items from the Pacific Theater below for any related interest.

 

Ten Ammunition Depots Blew Up

Success of the Japanese Air Force

The Japanese Army Air Force can register a great success. On 23 October it attacked the place of Tambru on the Naf River in Burma with major formations. There the English had concentrated troops and ammunition for their Burma offensive. The Japanese bombers destroyed numerous military installations and brought 10 ammunition depots to exlosion alone.

 

Formations of the Navy Air Force bombed airfields of the enemy on the islands of Woodlark and Trobriand and achieved hits on the installations of the enemy army despite fierce flak fire. Two aircraft were destroyed on the ground. All Japanese planes have returned undamaged to their bases.

 

Bombs On Finschhafen

Tokyo, 26 October

 

Japanese units have undertaken fierce attacks against the enemy front sector on New Guinea and continued the bitter attacks against the 9th Division of the Australian Army from several directions without a break. Particularly fierce fighting is taking place at the mouth of the Som River, where Japanese troop formations have penetrated deeply into the positions of the enemy. Since 17 October [sic], the Japanese troops have counted more than 2,000 dead enemies on the battlefield, and seized 15 cannon as well as 600 light and heavy machineguns.

 

Modern USA. Boat Lost

Stockholm, 26 October

According to an official announcement of the Washington Navy Ministry, the submarine "Dorado" is overdue. Though no particularly were stated about the place of the loss, it is assumed in Washington that the submarine went down in the Pacific. It had only been launched in May this year and therefore belonged to the most modern submarines of the North American Navy. Its displacement was 1,525 tons. The crew amounted to 65 men. The submarine, which was intended for long-range operations, had ten torpedo launch tubes.

 

Voluntary Cooperation

Shigemitsu about Greater East Asia's mission

Tokyo, 28 October

During the budget debate of the 83rd special Japanese Diet, Foreign Minister Shigemitsu on Wednesday gave a declaration about the establishment of Greater East Asia. The main point for this establishment, the foreign minister elaborated, was the volkuntary cooperation of all nations within the Greater East Asian area. For this in turn the equal status of all, which only could give the moral base and spiritual orientation, was necessary.

 

Reinforced Inner Build-Up in Japan

Tojo before the Diet / The new plans of the government

 

Report on Tojo's speech about the global situation, ca. 100 lines

 

The Military Situation in East Asia

A second speech of Tojo before the Japanese Diet

 

Self-explaining, ca. 60 lines

 

A Billion East Asians Marches

Resolution in the Japanese House of Representatives

 

Call of the Diet for East Asia to rise and shake off the Anglo-American yoke, ca. 55 lines

 

American Bummer

8,000 Japanese rescued from Kiska

rc. Stockholm, 30 October

By own admnittance of an American admiral, the Americans got crudely hoodwinked by the Japanese in the evacuation of the island of Kiska. The supreme commander of artillery, Admiral Thomas Kinkaid, conceded that the Japanese succeeded in the systematic evacuation of the 8,000-strong island garrison with the help of a big submarine fleet, in which each single boat could transport 100 men. In bad visibility and choppy sea, the Japanese submarines had undertaken several trips back and forth, until the whole garrison had been rescued. The Americans fell straight for the maneuvers as they were staged by the Japanese in the form of road construction on the island.

 

Additional note: I'm editing the earlier article about "American predator politics" as I found they had stuck the end which I thought was cut off in an editing mistake in the upper right corner of the page with no connection to the main text. Also including a small blurb about famine in Iran and Egypt I overlooked earlier there.

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They complain about young women manning the guns, and they were increasingly relying on schoolboys and Russian prisoners of war to man the German Flak batteries.I think they were also utilizing women in some roles by the end weren't they?

 

 

From wiki https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffenhelfer"450,000 female helpers (anti-aircraft personnel) in all departments served with the Luftwaffe within the 'auxiliary antiaircraft defense" "In 1945, "Flakhelferinnen" and other female assistants were trained and allowed to carry weapons to defend themselves"

 

The Germans did have some funny idea, its was ok for female to serves a FLAK gun, but a female was not allow to "pull the tigger" becuse it was uncivilived to have female killing in war,

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Since the Pacific Theater part is rather short, I'm adding the Mediterranean one, including lots of comment on the political situation in Italy. I excluded domestic reports from Vichy France, saving them for the "neutrals and lesser allies" section.

 

The New Start

By Dr. Wolfdieter von Langen, Rome

 

Extensive commentary on the newly-established Fascist Republic, ca. 150 lines

 

Dashing Coup de Main on Levitha

How the two Dodecanese islands were conquered

 

Report of a group of German grenadiers freeing themselves from temporary captivity and assisting in the retaking of the islands, ca. 90 lines

 

Fascist Action Units in Rome Again

By our correspondent

en Dr. v. L. Rome, 26 October


On 28 October, the anniversary of the March on Rome, the Fascists of Rome will muster for the first formation of the local organisation of the Fascist Republican Party. According to the announcement of Rome's local party leaders, it will be commemorated that Roman Fascism gave its verdict about unworthy members in high positions since its muster on [illegible] April this year already, and the traitors Bottai, de Bono etc. had to flee the congregation at this time. At the same time it is announced that Fascist action units, "Squadre d'Azione", have been raised in Rome again as shock troops of the party under the leadership of the shock troop leader Pollastrini, well-known in Rome. They are recruited from old Fascist fighters who already served in the action units under Farinacci, when he made a clean sweep of the then-opposition after the Mattoti affair. As the first fighter for Republican Fascism, Fascist Mengolini fell in the line of his duty on 18 October in Rome. In the announcement of the Roman Fascio it is stated that the Republican Fascists will avenge his death.

 

 

Badoglio Sold Out Sicily

Island to be separated from the mother country

Milan, 26 October


Italian radio reports of a secret clause in the ceasefire agreement made by Badoglio with the Anglo-Americans on 3 September. The ex-king and his general had conceded to the enemy in this clause that Sicily would be separated from the mother country after the war and get an "autonomous astatute", but the implementation of this regulation would only be published "at an appropriate time".

 

Badoglio and Victor Emmanuel thus have committed treason to all sides, as far as it was possible for them. They betrayed the Italian people in their existential fight; they betrayed the Duce, who had known to create a respected position among the nations for Italy in 20 years of work again; they committed treason against the German allies and broke their word multiple times; they double-crossed, as the latest announcements of the OKW reveal, the Anglo-Americans even as they were making a pact with them already, and they have now also betrayed Sicily, which ended up in the hand of the enemy through their insidious activities.

 

 

Greek emigrant coterie. The former supreme commander of the Greek Army and later state president General Pantalos took position on Athens radio against the emigrant coterie [cut off]

 

 

Africa Fighters and Africa Bonus

Report prisoners' mail to the Wehrmacht

Recently some former Africa fighters have written from captivity directly to their next of kin. It is necessary in their own interest to immediately announce those self-reports to the next defense reporting office or the "Tunis" task force which has been established at any acting general command. This notification is important since claims for the Africa bonus and other charges can be secured only by this. In this, the old field post number of the Africa fighter has to be stated in every notification. Dependents who have so far not taken any steps for inquiries are again requested to fill in a questionaire at the next defense reporting office. It forms the basis for the inquiries and for later regulation of charges.

 

 

Seized in Venice

Italian submarines and a torpedo boat which were seized by German troops in the arsenal's harbor [cut off; picture shows Wehrmacht soldier with SMG shouldered on deck of submarine in the foreground with another sub and torpedo boat in background]

 

Badoglio Wants To Withdraw

He feels the ground wobble under his feet / His betrayal of Sicily

 

Tirade against Badoglio, ca. 90 lines

 

General Bergeret Arrested in North Africa

Charges for "conspiracy and high treason"

 

Suggesting that the former Vichy air minister will be sure to share the fate of murdered Admiral Darlan after delivering North Africa to the Allies, ca. 50 lines

 

Checkmate to the King

By Hans Schrader

 

Lead of the 28 October issue on the situation in Italy, ca. 105 lines

 

Confused Conditions in the Gang Camp

Clashes in Serbia and Greece / "political" generals

 

Report on conflicts between nationalist and communist resistance movements, ca. 75 lines

 

Another Cowardly Traitor Exposed

Admiral Brivonesi responsible for the sinking of 6 tankers

 

Self-explaining, ca. 40 lines

 

"Battle And Work"

Celebration of the Berlin Fascio on the 21st anniversary of the March on Rome

Berlin, 28 October

On the occasion of the 21st anniversary of the March on Rome, the Fascio of Berlin held a celebration in the domed chamber of the Reich sports field, festively decorated with the German and Italian flags.

 

In this event participated the members of the Italian embassy, the Fascio of Berlin, a strong delegation of the Italian workers active in Germany, a delegation of the Italian Armed Forces, as well as diplomatic representatives of the countries allied to the Axis powers. From the German side among others showed: Reich organisation leader Dr. Ley, the president of the German-Italian Society state minister Dr. M. Meißner, state secretary Keppler of the Foreign Office, and the president of the Union of Inter-State Associations, SS-Obergruppenführer Lorenz, as well as numerous other representatives of party, state and Wehrmacht.

The Negus Requests Italian Labor Troops

Barcelona, 28 October

The Negus has officially requested several thousand Italian labor troops from the Anglo-American military authorities in Southern Italy. He wishes to be acknowledged in the distribution of such labor contingents under all circumstances, and reminded of the promises of the British government that satisfaction would be given to him and his country in the case of a British victory over Italy.

 

Since the Badoglio soldiers are employed as labor slaves of the Anglo-Americans in their own country, the Ethiopian trabant also considers himself entitled to pose his demands in this regard. If Badoglio therefore assumed that he had respects or thanks to exopects as a "co-belligerent", then he will always be [cut off]

 

 

Decree of the Duce for the Protection of Internal Security

Rome, 28 October

The Italian state gazette publishes a ministerial decree of the Duce regulating the discipline of Italians in times of war. The decree includes a total of 13 points. In these among other things abetting the escape of prisoners of wars or inmates of concentration camps, publishing press articles against the prestige of the Axis powers and public security, unautorized participation in congregations, operating or tolerating radio broadcasting stations or listening to enemy stations, work flight and strike participation and similar anti-state actions are penalized by hard labor, in severe and the specificallöy listed cases even by death. The decree takes effect upon publication by the state gazette and radio.

 

 

North Africa Emigrants Caught in the Middle

jb. Vichy, 28 October

The French emigrants who could hardly wait for the arrival of the Americans in North Africa the previous year and now are turning their backs on North Africa disappointed and upsets is [sic] growing steadily. Not just General Nogues, the resident general of French Morocco who fled from Rabat to Lisbon, and not just Chatel, the governor general of Algeria who is also hiding from the Americans in Lisbon, but also a flock of lesser people have made deucedly bad experiences upon closer contact with the Angloamericans. If they were not arrested and they succeeded in escaping, they could consider themselves lucky yet.

 

In Madrid, one of those French USA- slaves has arrived again, who, grabbed by fear, has taken to his heels. This concerns a man named Popelin, who has been the secretary of the former interior minister in Vichy, Pierre Peucheu. Popelin now has to suffer the deserved emigrant fate - in North Africa he is being wanted by poster, to [cut off]

 

 

Focal Point Mediterranean

By Rear Admiral Gadow

 

Lead of the 29 October issue concentrating on the military situation, ca. 105 lines

 

Traitors Quarrel in the Badoglio Camp

Anti-fascist parties against the House of Savoy and its followers

 

Report on Liberals, Marxists, Communists and Christian Democrats reneging on proposal for a broad coalition government, ca. 60 lines

 

The Fascist Republic Calls to Arms

Great speech of Pavolini for anniversary of March on Rome

 

Self-explaining, ca. 100 lines

 

 

Fascist Rebuilding in Full Swing

Venice, 29 October

The leadership of the Fascist Republican Party has moved its central seat permanently to Northern Italy, namely close to the Duce's headquarters. Party secretary Pavolini is in closest contact with the Duce daily. Thereby the immediate implementation of the decisions made by the Duce is secured. The work of the Fascist rebuilding is now in swing in all areas of political, social and economic life. A permant representancy of the party remains in Rome to ensure the implementation of the Duce's decisions in Central Italy.

 

 

Bari Starving

Dr. v. L. Rome, 30 October

Inside a few weeks after the capital of Apulia, Bari, has been declared the seat of the Badoglio phony government, life in this city has become an economic and domestic political chaos. In the city, the infamous political and criminal elements of Italy are having a rendezvous. Through the influx of Italian traitors, which went over to the enemy, and the presence of numerous Badoglio soldiers as well as other refugees from the provinces of Foggia, Benevent and Campobasso, the city proves overpopulated to a hardly imaginable degree. While the number of inhabitants reached about 200,00 at normal times, more than 500,000 people are in Bari now. Hand in hand with this goes a price hike, which has turned the areas around Bari that used to be so inexpensive into Italy's most expensive regions of all. The biggest part of the population, which finds itself unable to pay fantasy prices, is condemned to hunger.

 

 

Rigorous Terms for the Badoglio Clique

Amendment to ceasefire agreement

Vigo, 30 October

As Reuters claims to have learned, an agreement cionsisting of about 40 articles encompassing the economic and financial conditions to be met by Italy was signed on 1 October between the Allies and the Badoglio government. Persons who had seen the documents had called the terms "rigorous". Reuters points out that the new conditions were handed over in accordance with point 12 of the ceasefire, which was signed on 3 September and only touched upon the military capitulation then. The delivery of Italy to the Anglo-Americans thus continues. In this, "rigor" is the watchword. It is characteristic that Reuters cites point 12 of the ceasefire agreement. This is that clause giving the enemy any opportunity and handle for the ruthless exploitation and subjugation of Badoglio Italy. This clause they will pull out often yet, and Badoglio will flog off one piece after the other. But these are the effects of a despicable treason, about which the Badoglio clique could have been clear from the word go. Instead of the expected relief, he will get to feel the "rigor" often yet.

 

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They complain about young women manning the guns, and they were increasingly relying on schoolboys and Russian prisoners of war to man the German Flak batteries.I think they were also utilizing women in some roles by the end weren't they?

 

 

From wiki https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffenhelfer"450,000 female helpers (anti-aircraft personnel) in all departments served with the Luftwaffe within the 'auxiliary antiaircraft defense" "In 1945, "Flakhelferinnen" and other female assistants were trained and allowed to carry weapons to defend themselves"

 

The Germans did have some funny idea, its was ok for female to serves a FLAK gun, but a female was not allow to "pull the tigger" becuse it was uncivilived to have female killing in war,

 

 

Yeah, that figures.

 

Thanks for that btw, you too Banshee.

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Agreed, thank you for the work put into this.

 

...No, our will shall never become wavering, and never be too weak for all trials which fate may pose to us! In this will we shall with all our toughness and determination do at any hour what the hard law of war demands of us. Our will for victory is our will for life - and a German future will be only through victory!...

 

Double all North American BMW production.

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While I'm here, here's the "lesser Allies and neutrals" section.

 

German-Finnish Community Against Bolshevism

Berlin, 26 October


In a conversation with the correspondent of a German news agency, former Finnish state president Svinhufvud called the Finnish-German friendship a rare example of ideal sympathy in this world of egoism. The friendship of the Finnish people to Germany, said the ex-president, was not subject to any fluctuation. It did not let any doubt arise about the victory of Germany with Finland in this war. The mutual friendship of both peoples was based in numerous facts.

 

World history would lose its sense, Svinhufvud further stated, if Europev was to fall into the hands of Bolshevism. It was a blemish of history that a system like the Bolshevik one could have existed in Europe for 20 years, and the support of Bolshevism through other powers was a shame for Europe. If Bolshevism was to win, this would be the death of Finland, too.

 

Anti-Gang Fighting in France

Laval promises to establish order

j. b. Paris, 27 October

Recently terrorist gangs have appeared in individual districts of inner France, which are dwelling in woods, raiding farms and commit all sorts of wrongdoing. This gangsterism, of which the citizen in the cities notes hardly anything at all, is wholly common criminality, which provokes the disgust and outrage of all decent Frenchmen.

 

The French government is now determined to put an end to this gangsterism as quick as possible. Head of government Laval announced in the council of ministers' last session that French police will be equipped with modern weapons to be be deployed against the terrorists in the near term. It is to be assumed that some focussed police actions will succeed in catching or subdueing the work-shy rabble, which sojourns especially in little-settled departments. Indicative of the government's determination to establish order in the country are Laval's latest addresses to public prosecutors, who were compelled to not let themselves be intimidated by hostile threats, but to see that in the terrorists which [cut off]

 

Wrong Tracks of French Domestic Policy

War Veterans Legion abandons hope / Depolitization going on

 

Critique of Petain's attempt to create a unified state party out of an amalgamation of various veterans' organization with different politics, ca. 80 lines

 

Domestic Adjustments

Minister President Hansson against the opponents of neutrality

 

Report on Swedish prime minister speaking out against abandoning neutrality, ca. 45 lines

 

Prisoner Exchange in Barcelona

Cordial reception of the German severely maimed

 

Report on exchange of British and German wounded POWs, ca. 50 lines

 

French Volunteers Against the Bolsheviks

jb. Vichy, 28 October

A new contingent of French volunteers has departed from Paris to move to the Eastern front. The new unit is under the command of Captain Bridoux, the son of General Bridoux, the state secretary of defense.

 

The one major field remaining is the Eastern front.

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Dispatches from the Novrossiysk front would probably represent an undiscovered country as far as what is available on the day to day of that front.

 

Any mention of a certain Steiner, or at least his creator's 101st Jaeger Division, would be fascinating.

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So while doing the Swedish article, I also did the general assessments on the military sitiuation in the Pacific and Mediterranean, the political quarreling in the Balkans and the prisoner exchange in Spain, because I thought those were the most interesting across a range of fields.

 

Domestic Adjustments

Minister President Hansson against the opponents of neutrality

hw. Stockholm, 27 October

Swedish Minister President Hansson held a speech in Upsala, in which he once again dealt with the allegations and machinations against the government's policy of neutrality, which had already played a role in the last parliamentary debate, after it had previously been used as a reason for an extensive press campaign.

The Minister President stated, without naming the circles concerned - it was a large circle of newspapers especially from Stockholm and Gothenborg, who wanted to bring Sweden into a position of conflict with Germany and into active support of the Anglo-American-Soviet league -, the most zealous anti-government litigants were among those who from the beginning disapproved of the entire policy of the government during the war. The Prime Minister said i. a.: "Their motivations [cut off] strong sympathy for the other. From their starting points it would have been natural to demand a Swedish choice of sides in the war. They have been discouraged by knowing how strongly the policy of neutrality is anchored in our people, and instead they have criticized decisions that the state executive considered to be correct in view of the main purpose of our efforts to keep Sweden out of the war. Since they considered it futile to attack the people, they turned against the government and especially against some of their members."

The Prime Minister finally turned against such inner-Swedish quarreling, which would not be fit to strengthen Sweden's external position. Looking after Sweden's external interests was however the essential thing. A state executive, which was to take over this task, must have authority. For that, trust was [cut off]

 

Confused Conditions in the Gang Camp

Clashes in Serbia and Greece / "political" generals

hw Stockholm, 28 October

New York and London Jew newspapers are pleased to note the lively activity of the Communists in occupied Italy. The correspondent of the New York "Herald Tribune" reports from Naples that the Communists under the direction of the Neapolitan party secretary Reale and the Naples professor Omodeo as well as the Azione had issued a very drastic program. It envisions i. a. abdication of Victor Emanuel and Umberto as well as "suppression of the Vatican's reactionary aspirations".

Other English papers do not quite so openly
show the enthusiasm for the spreading of Bolshevik machinations. Similar applies to the attitude towards the Balkans. In a large part of the English and American press, complaints are made about the increasingly confused situation of the partisans of the Allies in Southeastern Europe. The antagonisms between Communist and "patriotic" gangs are growing stronger, with open struggles between the two elements in Yugoslavia and also in Greece. Moscow is now hoped to find some formula for bridging the differences to avoid further fighting.

Mihailovich has meanwhile issued a communique on clashes with opposing gangs in Montenegro and on the old Albanian-Greek-Yugoslav border. He accuses the gangs of Tito to have started it, to which they respond with similar allegations. The Yugoslav exile "government" in Cairo officially continues to support Mihailovich, who of course acts as its war minister, although pretends to pursue a Serb-nationalist
policy and the charge is being made against him of having collaborated with Italians even before Badoglio, namely against his rival Tito, whose radical left-wing supporters he regards as a great danger. In London, this presentation is refuted. There it is claimed that the Communists are only a minority among the gangs, whose headquarters, although in close contact with Moscow, however also maintains links with the English High Command Middle East. Mihailovich is said to work only with Englishmen. On the other hand, the information that Mihailovich had for some time been expressing a certain passivity at English behest, while Tito's gangs had become extraordinarily active at the direction of Moscow, is said to be untrue.

The antagonisms in Greece, revealed by the intervention of the English Commander-in-Chief Maitland Wilson, are described as similar as the Yugoslav ones. Here, too, it had come to fighting on a small scale.

"Observer" accuses the governments of the Western powers that their stance on the so-called popular movements (i. e. gang groups) in former Yugoslavia and Greece was based partly upon ignorance, partly upon rumor-spreading by willing troublemakers.The allegations of supremacy of the Communists in these movements were untrue. While those had particularly distinguished themselves, but they would not have the majority. "Observer" also complains that too many of the Allied generals had become
mere politicians, who let themselves be guided by their political sympathies or dislikes.

 

The Military Situation in East Asia

A second speech of Tojo before the Japanese Diet

Tokyo, 29 September

Minister President General Tojo spoke for the second time before the Japanese Reichstag in his capacity as Minister of War. In longer statements he treated the theaters of war on New Guinea and Solomon Island. The enemy pursued the tactic here to land primarily where the rule of the air could be secured. At the landing sites he tried to build up air bases to expand the air rule. Clashes with Japanese land forces would be avoided if possible. A further effort on the part of the enemy would be made, Tojo continued, to disrupt the Japanese supply lines through the air force and the navy. This hostile tactic was being thwarted by the Japanese Army in cooperation with the Navy. Japanese airplanes, in addition to their task of protecting the lines of communication, constantly attacked enemy air bases with the greatest success, inflicting the greatest damage on enemy supplies. The front reports showed that the enemy losses in aerial battles were in each case several times greater than the Japanese losses. Tojo once again mentioned that the total loss of the English and Americans in New Guinea of dead and wounded amounted to over 14,000. The battles in the jungles and on the inhospitable islands of the South Pacific offered indescribable difficulties. According to reports of prisoners, however, the enemy still has far greater difficulties, and his human consumption in the areas there was extremely high due to tropical diseases and nervous breakdowns.

On the situation in Burma Tojo says that
the fighting had also increased there, while in the past an average of 1,000 combat aircraft had been involved in attacks, the number had increased in September to 1,600. At the Burma front, there were signs that the enemy was about to launch the long-announced offensive. The Japanese Army had already dealt a fierce counterthrust to the Chungking forces on the Yunang border mid-month.

In the occupied southern territories, Tojo continued, there was peace and order everywhere.

The strength of the enemy air force in Chungking China Tojo
estimated at about 800-400 aircraft. Which consisted mostly of American long-range bombers. On the Chinese front, the Japanese forces were also constantly conducting successful operations. In the land operations, a constant decline in Chinese morale was felt due to the Japanese policy towards China.

 

Focal Point Mediterranean

By Rear Admiral Gadow

Stronger than in all other combat zones, politics is now mixing in the Mediterranean with warfare. In fact, this already happened with the landing in North Africa, which is now known to have been devised and planned in the USA, in order to gain a foothold in the economic territory at the same time. The initially relatively clear situation of Anglo-American competition, embodied in the two puppets Giraud and de Gaulle, then became complicated by the restoration of the Jewish prerogatives and popular front, and the new impetus of Communism in de Gaulle's organization. But the highest emphasis occurred only with the formation of the Mediterranean Commission in Algiers, into which Moscow dispatched as a highly qualified representative Vyshinsky with his 30 Myrmidonen. From that moment on, as the magazine "19th Century and after" put it, the question of whether Balkan and Dardanelles can be surrendered, and what that would mean for England in the Mediterranean, has been renewed. That in this case the so painstakingly conquered position in the Middle East, from the Suez Canal to Iran, and thus the core of the imperial connections, would be lost. One could say to this that England has neen no longer master of Iran for some time after all, that Bolshevik interference in the Mediterranean already dates from the civil war in Spain and is today in full swing from French North Africa to Egypt towards the east unto the Bosnian lands of Tito. More important however is how these complications affect the conduct of the war.

With the failure of the Italian leadership in North Africa, and of the Italian fleet in securing supplies, Rommel's promising position at Al Alamein was lost. The turnaround began, soon aggravated by the enemy invasion in Morocco-Algeria, which was again opposed by too little Italian effort. Tunis could not be held like that either, and in the enemy landing in Sicily not
much was lacking to make the Italian desertion visible from the outset. At that time a strong deployment of the Italian fleet and air force would still have been able to provide a halt, but defeatism was already too deep, with the glorious exception of those brave men who had always sood their ground, who went over to their German allies without hesitation along with their vehicles and aircraft, or else preferred death and self-scuttling to shame, like the commander of the submarine "Murena".

This collapse has allowed all further enemy success, and only the tenacious and dogged German resistance could slow their pace. The lossless evacuation of Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica could not be prevented by the enemy despite his superiority. It resulted in the contraction of the German front in southern Italy. In the Battle of Salerno, the huge firepower of the enemy ship guns helped avoid a second Gallipoli or Dunkirk, but the invasion fleet lost over 600,000 GRT, also 3 cruisers, 2 destroyers, 1 torpedo boat, 15 landing craft, 9 transports with 58,000 GRT etc., and also other warships and transporters were catastrophically damaged. This was the third major bloodletting after the 600,000 GRT for North Africa and the 1.2 million GRT for Sicily, which is followed by ongoing individual losses. With the expansion of the offensive in southern Italy, the need for supplies grows rapidly, it was calculated from the enemy side at 1.5 tons
of material per man and month, without the necessary personnel replenishments, repatriation of the wounded etc. Thus, while our resistance continues to stiffen, the length of the connections and the need for transportation continues to grow with the enemy, which in the sucked-dry country includes all food and even water. At this point, therefore, it becomes clear how much the deployment of the U-Boats in all seas, even with the present extent reduced by the circumstances, further weighs upon the strategic possibilities. Although the monthly loss of 3-400,000 GRT can not compensate the regeneration by new builds, the lead aqchieved by the tripartite powers is too large to get lost in this slightly more sluggish time.

 

As it is known, the American people and in the end American imperialism, too, is more interested for the Pacific than for Europe. This demands lavish operations there. Soviet Russia is demanding the second front in Western Europe, which also poses higher demands to military effort and shipping space. England for his part [cut off]

 

Prisoner Exchange in Barcelona

Cordial reception of the German severely maimed

rd Madrid, 29 October

In bright weather, which let the coast shine in the splendor of the mild autumn in the Mediterranean, the exchange of German and English seriously wounded took place in the port of Barcelona on Wednesday morning. In the mid-morning, the two German ships, coming from Marseilles, had dropped anchor in the west dock. In the forenoon hours of Wednesday, the exchange took place. In a hall festively decorated with the flags of the Reich, the German ambassador conveyed the greetings of the Führer and bid welcome to the soldiers. Today, the ambassador said, it was the hospitable soil of Spain which the returnees entered, tomorrow it would be Germany that rejoiced to be reunited with its brave sons and to win the victory with them for which they already had made such high sacrifices.

The Spaniards had held ready a large number of nurses, stretchers and wheelchairs in an accommodating and precautionary manner, helping the wounded on the German ships. For the seriously wounded, a number of aircraft
already arrived at the airfield of Barcelona on Tuesday for repatriation to Germany. After the finish of the official act, a stream of flowers and gifts spilled over the returnees on their ships. The Falange and the Spanish Women's League handed over packages, and from the NSDAP and other organizations came parcels with wine, canned food, soap, tobacco, fruits and sweets. The BdM girls and Hitler boys from Barcelona brought gifts aboard, some of them homemade, elaborately packaged and provided with long, childlike welcoming letters for the soldiers, and sang German folk songs and performed folk dances. The representatives of the Spanish authorities, who had created all the facilities for exchange in conjunction with the Red Cross and the Falange organizations in a truly human and friendly way, congratulated the German ambassador on the manly and exemplary attitude of those returned home.

In the course of the afternoon the ships then, bid farewell most cordially by the German ambassador and all the German representancies, sailed with
course set for Germany!

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I'm reminded that the Eastern Front articles still remain. There are also the daily Wehrmacht dispatches from all fronts, though they are always on the bottom of the page and thus cut off in the copies.

 

Blocking Line of our Wehrmacht Unbreakable

Most embittered fighting in the south of the Eastern Front / Armored forces which pressed ahead destroyed

 

Extensive depiction of defensive battles on the coast of the Sea of Asov, ca. 110 lines

 

Capital Fight in the South of the Eastern Front

The battle grows / Successful counterattacks into the flank of the Soviets thrusting towards Krivoy Rog

 

Headliner of 27 October issue continued on page 2, total ca. 90 lines

 

11 Soviet Divisions Beat Back

The massed attacks of the enemy at Krichev without success / Bolshevik gangs destroyed

 

Headliner of the 28 October issue, ca. 70 lines

 

Reckless Attacks Failed

Continuing heavy fighting on the southern front / High soviet losses of blood in vain forays

 

Headliner of the 29 October issue, ca. 80 lines

 

282 Bolshevik Tanks Killed

Enemy destroyer sunk in Eastern Mediterranean / Individual targets bombed in London

 

Wehrmacht dispatches of 25 October, ca. 60 lines

 

Heavy Defensive Fighting in the East

Sea action off Trondheim / 20 British aircraft shot down

 

Wehrmacht dispatches of 26 October, ca. 65 lines

 

Our Troops in Heavy Defense

The struggle between Asov Sea and Dnieper knee / Successes at the Volturno

 

Wehrmacht dispatches of 27 October, includes part dedicated to Dnieper fighting, ca. 70 lines

 

Unabated Toughness of Defense

No expansion of breach west of Melitopol

 

Wehrmacht dispatches of 28 October, ca. 40 lines

 

Defense or Counterattack

High losses of the Soviets at Melitopol / Fighting on the Volturno

 

Wehrmacht dispatches of 29 October, ca. 60 lines

 

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