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Ken Estes

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About Ken Estes

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  • Birthday 08/25/1947

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    USMC Tanker, Historian

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  1. Moltke wrote of the ACW as "bands of farmers circling each other, each in search of the means to victory, [Edited to add] taking four years to do so."
  2. That's the classic notion that the ACW was both the last of the old style wars and the first of the new style ones. Essentially, the ACW was tied to the 18/19thC. type of war because all generals were trying to imitate Napoleon, there was no conscription except at the very end of the war, no mobilization of the economy or women in industry. Logistics still depended upon the horse. OTOH, the ACW was a precursor to the Great War because of some conscription, and firepower dominated the ground battle. economic warfare became paramount [blockade, riverine operations, Sherman's Mar
  3. "The biggest losers at the Battle of Moscow were [wait for it] ..... The Japanese." --Theodore Ropp, Duke Univ 1974.
  4. Apart from presumed hypothetical actions after a USN defeat at Midway, the JA did effect a counter-landing against Army troops at Arundel Is. in the Central Solomons. The 43rd Inf Div signaled for help from the defense battalions that had helped them take Munda previously. The 9th, 10th, and 11th Defense Battalion tank platoons, then totaling 13 tanks ready, reported on 16 September 1943. Their surprise attack the next day pushed the Japanese troops back, advancing 500 yards with Army infantry support. After losing two tanks to 37mm antitank guns, the accompanying infantry covered the retreat
  5. Download Vol I of the Hist of USMC Ops WWII here: https://www.usmcu.edu/Portals/218/History of the U.S. Marine Corps in WWII Vol I - Pearl Harbor to Guadacanal PCN 19000262400.pdf?ver=2018-10-30-091708-147 Read especially the details of the fighting over Wake, pages 106-150 and you will see that the Marine positions more than held their own even on the last days of the battle, and both the USN captain commanding the atoll and the USMC major commanding the elements of 1st Defense Battalion were unaware of how the battle was going and assumed that the end was upon them when the
  6. They already held Manchuria since 1931. They realized they had too few troops to secure all of China, so they planned to occupy Beijing and the coastal plains and bolster their economy. The resource area of SE Asia was vital to continue the China War when the campaign foundered against the Chinese nationalism that it ignited and western countries began to impose sanctions against Japan's aggression. In the end China was too large to subjugate, something worth remembering to this day.
  7. Relates to China; JA saw it as demoralized, not united, strike 'understandings' with local war lords, etc.
  8. Well, here are my notes: Japan’s Situation in 1941 China War hot since 1937 Great Strain on Japan No early ‘understanding’ European War Opportune Indochina to cut supplies But then US Embargoes Other Europeans Vulnerable: Britain Netherlands SE Asia Resources Key Seize them, Outlast Opposition Japanese Planning 1939-41 Japan at first cautious over 1939-40 War in Europe: China, USSR Priority Fall of France begins Process Budget 3.6Mà10.6M, 65% for China War
  9. Yep, a case of victory disease where the conquerors of France forgot how surprising that victory was and simply presumed the Landsern would as usual carry the day in the event of any friction in the planning..... Almost makes the Japanese look sage....well, no.
  10. Notice I wrote 'latent threat' -- with the large number of Omani troops filling the UAE ranks, any instability could become dangerous. Remember, these are security regimes on the Arab shores of the Persian Gulf. They see themselves in a fragile position and try to anticipate contingencies well in advance.
  11. The UAE recognized the internal security problem posed by the latent threat of Pakistani and Omani officers and troops in their armed forces. Around 2000 they dismissed the Omani's recruited for their army and retained mostly the Pakistani pilots that had served in the AF for a significant period. The recruitment of UAE nationals [c. 12% of the total population which remains largely Muslim ex-pats, with maybe 6% Occidentals c.2002] was already well under way, to include reserve commissions for university students who would join the forces after graduation. Indians have a privileged position [i
  12. I finally got around to finding my refs on the subject officer and his knowledge of the Red Army and the planning for the German attack on Russia in 1941. But for the life of me I cannot recall the thread in which I brought it up. In any case here it is. While not entirely ignored, he obviously had little to do with the planning of Barbarossa. One of the earliest mentions I ever read was in the classic study published in 1970, The Russo-German War 1941-45 by Albert Seaton. He described that attache, Lt General Ernst A. Koestring, in 1941 as a 65 year old Russophile who had held his
  13. Aye Aye, your Excellency. I simply followed my apparently new status of "No restrictions being applied" as you noted. I withdraw, trusting that nobody has suffered.
  14. Nobody rioted in Nov 2016 either.
  15. The states will certify valid votes, not you.
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